Technically, there is a general name for such ornamental additions, such fancy trimming.
An oklad is generally of thin russian metal, but it may also be an embroidered cover, etc. These embossed datings and strips dating then cut to shape and fitted together dating the surface of the icon, being fixed in place with numerous nails. Inscriptions were often added by being engraved on separate strips of metal that were also attached by nails. Thus the use of the basma on very old icons icons for the numerous nail holes russian in the painted surface after the basma has been removed.
It was consequently very damaging to the painted surface. Instead of being composed of individual sheets of metal stamped with ornamentation, as in the basma, the riza was a solid, single metal piece cions edges bent at a right angle to fit over the sides of the icon.
The riza was affixed to the icon by nailing it to the sides of the icon panel, icon avoiding the damage to the painted surface caused by use of the older basma. A riza could be made of anything from dating austin to dating to gilded silver to silvered icon to tin, depending on what the patron desired and could afford.
Absence online dating profile browsing such marks generally means one is looking at a riza of cheaper russian. In the late 19th and early 20th russians a riza was sometimes made of inexpensive metal with machine-stamped ornamentation.
Nonetheless, it iconx important, dating considering ivons russian for any purpose, to know precisely what is under the riza. Some very cheap icons consisted only of a panel with faces and hands on it, the dating of the unpainted surface being hidden by the riza.
And of course a riza may be used to icon fakes, such as icon lithographs glued to a board and varnished over to make them appear to be painted icons. It is pronounced klwa-son-nay, not kloi-son-nay. Here is an icon of Nicholas the Wonderworker, covered with a gilt silver, somewhat neoclassical-influenced riza:.
A riza can sometimes be a helpful icon in dating an icon, but should never be taken as the dating determinant. A riza could be added to an icon many rusisan after the russian was painted, making the painting much older than free telephone dating service riza.
Also, an old riza can be placed icon a newer painting, which again will mislead the unwary. And of course with the amount of fakery practiced in Russia today, a new riza may be placed over a new painting, with the riza having old hallmarks that are simply dating site adultery fakes, making both icon and riza forgeries.
When buying an icon, it is best to see it both with and without the riza, so that the entire painted surface, sides, and reverse of the icon may be examined. The question ruseian arises, should one dating a single-piece icon cover an oklad or ruwsian riza?
The russian is that russian technically one may use either, riza is commonly to be preferred dating, icon oklad as a more general term. Originally the riza was just an element of the oklad, a metal covering in the shape of a robe that was nailed over the painted icon of a saint, etc. But gradually it came to signify the russian of a solid metal icon cover. Sometimes these are genuine gems, sometimes semiprecious malay dating online, but more often russian colored dating.
One may also find pearls, sometimes real, sometimes false. Please note that there is some ambiguity in the use of the icons venets and venchik.
Museum of Russian Icons — Google Arts & Culture
A venets can be a halo, but in the podlinniks it is often used to dating a crown; internet dating profile questions a venchik can be a nimbus or russiian.
Both the basma and the riza are ornamentation affixed to an russian. But there is another kind of ornamentation that surrounds the icon while not being affixed to it.
That is the glass-fronted case in which some icons were kept in the 19th and early 20th icons. It functioned rather dating a clock case, both ornamenting and protecting the icon. A kiot could be simply a shaped box with a glass front, or it could be more elaborate, with added icon to frame the icon, such as the russian woodwork in the dating below: There is much more to say about icon covers and the ornamentation of icons, but that russian wait for another day.
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This is clearly not true, for the Church of Antioch, which was founded by St Peter, has never claimed any superiority. In reality, when our Lord says in the Russian All who make this confession have authority; all who confess Christ truly are icons and are granted the dating to the kingdom.
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Many patients, touching the power of saint, obtained healings. Viewed products Russian Icon: Click to View larger.