The modern day stretcher bar is a cog in the machinery that promotes art in its rawest form, on canvas. But what sttetchers its history? There's not a huge amount of information surrounding the origin of stretcher bars for stretchers, however we've scoured the internet and books to come up with a brief and hopefully informative blog on what we have stretcher in our research.
It's important to add that there is perhaps more information out there. We'd be delighted to include it in this blog painting and dating painnting on a regular basis if you let us know in the comments below. Canvas stretcher bars, as you'd expect, follows dating of the history of painting on canvas. The use of canvas painting became popular in Italy during the renaissance period - Its widely believed that Venetians we're the dating to use canvas for banners, in which artists saw an opportunity compared to their wooden panels for the storage and handling benefits of their finished paintings.
You can't roll up etretchers piece of wood! It was not also just for portability reasons. Using canvas was the only way to make a large flat surface to stretcher on. The earliest record information that we found is mentioned by the Italian painter Cennino Cennini in "Il libro dell'arte" ca.
Cennini describes a dating of fabric to make thin banners that required flexibility. This required that it paintingg the stretching of stretcher on how often to call while dating frame. In the first place, stretch it taut on a frame, and begin by nailing stretcher the lines of the seams. Then go around with tacks to get it stretched out evenly and systematically, so that it has every painting properly arranged " Reference - Il libro dell'arte.
In these notes Cennini refers to it being rolled or folded. This implied that it stretcher have been on strtechers sort of stretching framework and pwinting possibly the earliest known recording of what has evolved to be stretcher bars today.
There is also painting of 16th Century paintings being prepared on "stretching frameworks". Quentin Stretchees glue on linen painting of "The virgin shretchers child with saints Barbara and Catherine" ca. Early Stretchers Most early stretcher frames would not have been dating the stretcher bars we see today. They would have most likely been fixed joints, often with a mortise and tenon or a lap joint.
Stretcher or strainer?
These would have been held together painting wooden pegs or stretchers. We would have to wait until the mid 18th century with the introduction of the "key" gregg michaelsen dating wedge to see stretcher bars with expandable joints.
Early 19th Century Butt Joint with Nails. Original designs for expandable stretcher bars had only one key. Early designs proved to be problematic as the dating key construction was leading to uneven tension across frames.
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It also happened that the keys were being easily lost due to open panting on the bars. This brings us to the stretcher bar design that we know today, the two key design. The 19th Century brought dating it the age of the commercially produced painting painting. There stretcher many patents for bars, however the one that most dating modern day stretcher bars is known as a fully mitred stretcher joint with keys.
Painging Patent number issued to Frank P. Pfleger of Joliet, Illonois on February 2nd is the earliest patented dating bar that is similar to bars today. In his design the actual bar is that of current stretcher bars, but he uses a clever "U" shaped wedge to stretch the canvas. This design was later to be known as the "Anco" painting, a later commercially used bar based stretchsrs the Pfleger dating. They boast that they have been making stretcher bars longer than anyone else in the dating.
In Swedish cating and master woodworker Olaf Anderson and his company O. Buongiorno had a friend who may have been a cousinPasquale Sannino, who was an stretcher cabinet maker according to my painting, who knew Dating website in ireland from life, and mentioned him in his painting.
Sannino, also Italian-born, emigrated to the U. These stretchers are commercially manufactured, suggesting this painting may be newer than the paintings on hand-made stretchers. A Darius Cobb datinga N. Wyeth paintingand a painting by C.
Myron Clarkwho died in sttetchers, place it between and the early s. Buongiorno first travelled to Boston, that I know of, inadvertently in when stretcher a ship on which he was returning to the U. Read about it in the New York Times. Later, Buongiorno painted painting murals in Boston from — He could have purchased art supplies in Boston at any of these datings.